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Research

Indian Registry of IntenSive Care (IRIS) represents a collaborative effort between NICST and CCCG for the continuous evaluation and improvement of outcomes from critical illness for patients in India Click here to know more

IRIS

 

Apollo Hospitals Faculty Development Grant: 500000INR for LOVIT India study: PI: Bharath Kumar and Co-PIs: Ramesh Venkataraman, Yamunadevi Ramanathan, Saravanan Margabandhu and Nagarajan Ramakrishnan

Pfizer AMR grant: USD: 650000- PI: Bharath Kumar and Co-PIs: Ramesh Venkataraman, Yamunadevi Ramanathan, Venkatasubramanian Ramasubramanian and Nagarajan Ramakrishnan.

Dr. N. Ramakrishnan

Editorial Board Member

  • Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine
  • Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
           o Guest Editor for a special issue on ICU Management (June 2008, Vol 12, Issue 2)
  • Associate Editor, Apollo Medicine Journal

Scientific Reviewer

  •  Internal Medicine (IM)
  •  Hospital Physician
  •  Critical Care Medicine
  • JAMA
  • CHEST
  • Journal of Intensive Care
  • Medicine
  • National Medical Journal of India
  • Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
  • Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine
  • Indian Journal of Anaesthesiology
  • Sleep and Vigilance

Dr. Babu K Abraham

  • Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
  • Journal of Critical Care

Dr. Ashwin Kumar Mani

  • Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine

Dr. Ramesh Venkataraman

  • Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
  • Journal of Critical Care
  •  BMC Nephrology

Dr. V. Dedeepiya Devaprasad

  • Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine

Dr. R. Ebenezer

  • Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
  • Annals of Burns and Trauma

Dr. Raymond Dominic Savio

  • Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
  •  BMJ Case records
  •  Journal of intensive care medicine
  • Journal of acute care

Dr. R. Pratheema

  • Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine

Dr. Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan

  • BMJ Global Health
  • BMJ Quality and Safety
  • Canadian Medical Association Journal
  • Journal of Intensive Care Society (Associate Editor and Reviewer)
  • Critical Care Medicine
  • Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
  • American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  • American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
  • BMC Nephrology
  • Australian Critical Care
  • Wellcome Open Research

Tolppa T, Pari V, Pell C, Aryal D, Hashmi M, Shamal Ghalib M, Jawad I, Tripathy S, Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan BK, Beane A, Dondorp AM, Haniffa R; Collaboration of Research Implementation & Training in Critical Care in Asia Investigators. (Pratheema Ramachandran, Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan, Augustian James, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Ramesh Venkataraman, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Meghena Mathew, Ebenezer Rabindrarajan, Usha Rani Chandramohan, Raymond Savio, Sristi Patodia, Balaji Venkatachalam) Determinants of Implementation of a Critical Care Registry in Asia: Lessons From a Qualitative Study. J Med Internet Res. 2023 Mar 6;25:e41028. doi: 10.2196/41028. PMID: 36877557. (Mar 2023)

Kartsonaki C, Baillie JK, Barrio NG, Baruch J, Beane A, Blumberg L, Ramakrishnan N, Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan B, ISARIC Clinical Characterisation Group. Characteristics and outcomes of an international cohort of 600000 hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Int J Epidemiol. 2023 Apr 19;52(2):355-376. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyad012. PMID: 36850054; PMCID: PMC10114094.(Apr 2023)

Cho SM, White N, Premraj L, Battaglini D, Fanning J, Suen J, Bassi GL, Fraser J, Robba C, Griffee M, Singh B, Citarella BW, Merson L, Solomon T, Thomson D; ISARIC Clinical Characterisation Group. Neurological manifestations of COVID-19 in adults and children. Brain. 2023 Apr 19;146(4):1648-1661. doi: 10.1093/brain/awac332. PMID: 36087305; PMCID: PMC9494397. (Apr 2023)


Ramakrishnan A, Ramakrishnan N. Critical Care Delivery in India: Stats, State(s) and Strategies. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023;27(4):231–232. (Apr 2023)

Premkumar S, Ramanathan Y, Varghese JJ, Morris B, Nambi PS, Ramakrishnan N, Venkatasubramanian. “Nurse—The Archer” Fighting Against the Hidden Enemy. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023;27(4):246–253. (Apr 2023)

Writing Committee for the REMAP-CAP Investigators. India. (Devachandran Jayakumar, R Pratheema, Suresh Babu, C Vignesh, Bharath Kumar TV, N Ramakrishnan, Augustian James, Evangeline Elvira, R Ebenezer, S Krishnamoorthy, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Manisha Ganesan, Madhu Shree, Ashwin Kumar Mani, Meghena Mathew, Revathi Kandeepan). Effect of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor and Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Initiation on Organ Support–Free Days in Patients Hospitalized With COVID-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2023;329(14):1183–1196. doi:10.1001/jama.2023.4480 (Apr 2023)


Young PJ, Abdulrahman Al-Fares, Diptesh Aryal, Yaseen M. Arabi MD, Muhammad Sheharyar Ashraf, Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan. Mega-ROX management committee, Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group, Critical Care Asia and Africa Network, the Irish Critical Care-Clinical Trials Group. Protocol and statistical analysis plan for the mega randomised registry trial comparing conservative vs. liberal oxygenation targets in adults with sepsis in the intensive care unit (Mega-ROX Sepsis), Critical Care and Resuscitation, Volume 25, Issue 2, 2023, Pages 106-112,https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccrj.2023.04.008 (Jun 2023)


Kanna G, Patodia S, Annigeri RA, Ramakrishnan N, Venkataraman R. Prevalence of Augmented Renal Clearance (ARC) and Utility of Augmented Renal Clearance Scoring System (ARC Score) and Augmented Renal Clearance in Trauma Intensive Care Scoring System (ARCTIC Score) in Predicting ARC in the Intensive Care Unit – PROACTIVE Study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023;27(6):433–443. (Jun 2023)


Haishwarya Raghavi, Samundeeswari Premkumar, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Ajay Padmanaban. VAP Bundle Components and Their Compliance in a Tertiary Intensive Care Unit. Indian Journal of Respiratory Care 2023;12(2):127–130. (Jun 2023)

The COVID-19 Clinical Research Coalition (Bharath Kumar). Pandemics move faster than funders. (Correspondence). The Lancet 2023 Jul 29;402(10399):367 (Jul 2023)

Pryanka Relan, Nkengafac Villyen Motaze, Kavita Kothari, Lisa Askie, Olivier Le Polain de Waroux, Maria D Van Kerkhove, Janet Diaz, Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan. Severity and outcomes of Omicron variant of SARS- CoV- 2 compared to Delta variant and severity of Omicron sublineages: a systematic review and metanalysis. BMJ Glob Health 2023 Jul;8(7):e012328. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2023-012328. PMID: 37419502; PMCID: PMC10347449. (Jul 2023)

Vinya Golagana, Ramesh Venkataraman, Ashwin K Mani, Rajan ER, Ramakrishnan Nagarajan, Dedeepiya Vidyasagar. Epidemiology and Outcomes of HIN1 Pneumonia in ICU. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023; 27 (7):470-474.(Jul 2023)

Surendran Rajendran, Ram Gopalakrishnan, Anil Tarigopula, D Suresh Kumar, P Senthur Nambi, Nandini Sethuraman, Chitra Chandran, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, V Ramasubramanian. Xpert Carba-R Assay on Flagged Blood Culture Samples: Clinical Utility in Intensive Care Unit Patients with Bacteremia Caused by Enterobacteriaceae. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023;27(9):655–662.(Aug 2023)


Byrappa V, Venkataraman R, Ramakrishnan N, Mani AK. Epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of culture‑negative sepsis. Apollo Med, August 07, 2023.DOI: 10.4103/am.am_24_230


McLarty J, Litton E, Beane A, Aryal D, Bailey M, Bendel S, Burghi G, Christensen S, Christiansen CF, Dongelmans DA, Fernandez AL, Ghose A, Hall R, Haniffa R, Hashmi M, Hashimoto S, Ichihara N, Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan B, Lone NI, Arias López MDP, Mat Nor MB, Okamoto H, Priyadarshani D, Reinikainen M, Soares M, Pilcher D, Salluh J; Linking of Global Intensive Care (LOGIC) Collaboration. Non-COVID-19 intensive care admissions during the pandemic: a multinational registry-based study. Thorax. 2023 May 24:thorax-2022-219592. doi: 10.1136/thorax-2022-219592. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37225417.

 

LOVIT-COVID Investigators, on behalf of the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group, and the REMAP-CAP Investigators; Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan BK (Critical Care Asia Africa India contributors – Pratheema Ramachandran, Vignesh Chandrashekar, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Augustian James, Ebenezer Rabindrarajan, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Ashwin Kumar Mani, Meghena Mathew). Intravenous Vitamin C for Patients Hospitalized With COVID-19: Two Harmonized Randomized Clinical Trials. JAMA. 2023;330(18):1745-1759. doi: 10.1001/jama.2023.21407. PMID: 37877585; PMCID: PMC10600726. (Oct 2023)

Aishwarya Govindaswamy, Sowmy Sridharan, Raymond Dominic Savio, Senthur Nambi, Adhithyan Rajendran. A case series on COVID-19 associated mucormycosis (CAM): experience from a tertiary care centre in India. Asian Journal of Research in Infectious Diseases 2023;13(3):9-18. (May 2023)

Srinivas A, Ramesh Venkataraman, Rajaram B. Hot and Clot: The Diagnostic Conundrum. Indian Journal of Critical Care Case report. 2023; 2 (2):51-54. (May 2023)

Priyadharshini Ramakrishnan, Sasi Mayukha Challa Venkat, Chandrasekhar Ethiraj, Balasubramaniam Palanisamy, Balaji Venkatachalam. The Central Venous Catheter that Took a Wrong Stroll. Indian J Crit Care Case Rep 2023;2(3):55–58. (Jun 2023)

Mathew M, Bharadwaj TP, Nambi PS, Mani A. The first-ever reported primary spinal infection with Aeromonas. Indian J Case Reports. 2023; 9(9):1-5. (Sep 2023)

Matthay MA, Arabi Y, Arroliga AC, Bernard G, Bersten AD, Brochard LJ, Calfee CS, Combes A, Daniel BM, Ferguson ND, Gong MN, Gotts JE, Herridge MS, Laffey JG, Liu KD, Machado FR, Martin TR, McAuley DF, Mercat A, Moss M, Mularski RA, Pesenti A, Qiu H, Ramakrishnan N, Ranieri VM, Riviello ED, Rubin E, Slutsky AS, Thompson BT, Twagirumugabe T, Ware LB, Wick KD. A New Global Definition of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2023 Jul 24. doi: 10.1164/rccm.202303-0558WS. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37487152.

Marwali EM, Kekalih A, Yuliarto S, Wati DK, Rayhan M, Valerie IC, Cho HJ, Jassat W, Blumberg L, Masha M, Semple C,
Swann OV, Kohns Vasconcelos M, Popielska J, Murthy S, Fowler RA, Guerguerian AM, Streinu-Cercel A, Pathmanathan
MD, Rojek A, Kartsonaki C, Gonçalves BP, Citarella BW, Merson L, Olliaro PL, Dalton HJ; International Severe Acute
Respiratory and emerging Infection Consortium (ISARIC) Clinical Characterization Group Investigators. Paediatric
COVID-19 mortality: a database analysis of the impact of health resource disparity. BMJ Paediatr Open. 2022
Oct;6(1):e001657. doi: 10.1136/bmjpo-2022-001657. PMID: 36645791; PMCID: PMC9621167

Vijayaraghavan BKT, Adhikari NK. Sepsis Epidemiology and Outcomes in Asia: Advancing the Needle. Am J Respir Crit
Care Med. 2022 Jul 12. doi: 10.1164/rccm.202207-1257ED. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35820024.

Reyes LF, Murthy S, Garcia-Gallo E, Merson L, Ibáñez-Prada ED, Rello J, Fuentes YV, Martin-Loeches I, Bozza F, Duque S,
Taccone FS, Fowler RA, Kartsonaki C, Gonçalves BP, Citarella BW, Aryal D, Burhan E, Cummings MJ, Delmas C, Diaz R,
Figueiredo-Mello C, Hashmi M, Panda PK, Jiménez MP, Rincon DFB, Thomson D, Nichol A, Marshall JC, Olliaro PL;
ISARIC Characterization Group. Respiratory support in patients with severe COVID-19 in the International Severe Acute
Respiratory and Emerging Infection (ISARIC) COVID-19 study: a prospective, multinational, observational study. Crit
Care. 2022 Sep 13;26(1):276. doi: 10.1186/s13054-022-04155-1. PMID: 36100904; PMCID: PMC9469080
Bharath Kumar TV. Severity of disease associated with Omicron variant as compared with Delta variant in hospitalized
patients with suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. WHO report, COVID-19: Clinical care. 7 June 2022
Bouziotis J, Arvanitakis M, Preiser JC; ISARIC Clinical Characterisation Group. Association of body mass index with
COVID-19 related in-hospital death. Clin Nutr. 2022 Dec;41(12):2924-2926. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2022.01.017. Epub 2022
Jan 29. PMID: 35123821; PMCID: PMC8800162.

ISARIC Clinical Characterisation Group, Matthew D Hall, Joaquín Baruch, Gail Carson, Barbara Wanjiru Citarella,
Andrew Dagens, Emmanuelle A Dankwa, Christl A Donnelly, Jake Dunning, Martina Escher, Christiana Kartsonaki, Laura
Merson, Mark Pritchard, Jia Wei, Peter W Horby, Amanda Rojek, Piero L Olliaro (2021) Ten months of temporal
variation in the clinical journey of hospitalised patients with COVID-19: An observational cohort eLife Elife. 2021 Nov
23;10:e70970. doi: 10.7554/eLife.70970. PMID: 34812731; PMCID: PMC8791638.

ISARIC Clinical Characterization Group; Garcia-Gallo E, Merson L, Kennon K, Kelly S, Citarella BW, Fryer DV, Shrapnel S,
Lee J, Duque S, Fuentes YV, Balan V, Smith S, Wei J, Gonçalves BP, Russell CD, Sigfrid L, Dagens A, Olliaro PL, Baruch J,
Kartsonaki C, Dunning J, Rojek A, Rashan A, Beane A, Murthy S, Reyes LF. ISARIC-COVID-19 dataset: A Prospective,
Standardized, Global Dataset of Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19. Sci Data. 2022 Jul 30;9(1):454. doi:
10.1038/s41597-022-01534-9. PMID: 35908040; PMCID: PMC9339000.

Ramakrishnan, N, Ramasubban, S, Hegde, A, Govil, D. Approach to Thromboprophylaxis for Prevention of Venous
Thromboembolism in COVID-19: Global Updates and Clinical Insights from India. Clin. Pract. 2022, 12, 766–781.

Sarat N, Devaprasad D, Rajagopal S, Ramesh Venkataraman. A Rare Diagnosis of a Common Problem: Acute Severe
Low Back Pain with Paraplegia. Indian J Crit Care Case Rep 2022;1(1):16–19.

ISARIC Clinical Characterization Group, Joaquin Baruch, Amanda Rojek, et al. (Bharath Kumar TV, Ramakrishnan N,
Pratheema R, Meghena Mathew, Ebenezer R). Symptom-based case definitions for COVID-19: time and geographical
variations for detection at hospital admission among 260,000 patients. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses.
2022:16(6):1040-50

Wainstein M, MacDonald S, Fryer D, Young K, Balan V, Begum H, Burrell A, Citarella BW, Cobb JP, Kelly S, Kennon K, Lee
J, Merson L, Murthy S, Nichol A, Semple MG, Strudwick S, Webb SA, Rossignol P, Claure-Del Granado R, Shrapnel S;
ISARIC Clinical Characterisation Group. Use of an extended KDIGO definition to diagnose acute kidney injury in patients
with COVID-19: A multinational study using the ISARIC-WHO clinical characterisation protocol. PLoS Med. 2022 Apr
20;19(4):e1003969. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003969. PMID: 35442972; PMCID: PMC9067700
Ranganathan L, Ramakrishnan N. Psychological wellness of health-care professionals during the coronavirus disease-
2019 pandemic. Apollo Med 2022;19:81-8

Ebenezer R, Joy Kezia R, Thulasi L. A Descriptive Study on Effectiveness of Prone Position on Prognosis of COVID-19
Patients in Selected Hospital. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 2022;6:11:162-7.
Lamontagne F, Masse MH, Menard J, Sprague S, Pinto R, Heyland DK, et al. (Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan BK). LOVIT
Investigators and the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group. Intravenous Vitamin C in Adults with Sepsis in the Intensive
Care Unit. N Engl J Med. 2022 Jun 23;386(25):2387-2398. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2200644.
Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan BK, Gupta E, Ramakrishnan N, Beane A, Haniffa R, Lone N, et al. (2022) Barriers and
facilitators to the conduct of critical care research in low and lower-middle income countries: A scoping review. PLoS
ONE 17(5): e0266836.

Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan BK, Jha V, Rajbhandari D, et al. Hydroxychloroquine plus personal protective equipment
versus personal protective equipment alone for the prevention of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infections among
healthcare workers: a multicenter, parallel-group randomized controlled trial from India. BMJ Open 2022;12:e059540.
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-059540

Granholm A, Kjær MN, Munch MW, Myatra SN, Vijayaraghavan BKT, Cronhjort M, Wahlin RR, Jakob SM, Cioccari L,
Vesterlund GK, Meyhoff TS, Helleberg M, Møller MH, Benfield T, Venkatesh B, Hammond NE, Micallef S, Bassi A, John
O, Jha V, Kristiansen KT, Ulrik CS, Jørgensen VL, Smitt M, Bestle MH, Andreasen AS, Poulsen LM, Rasmussen BS,
Brøchner AC, Strøm T, Møller A, Khan MS, Padmanaban A, Divatia JV, Saseedharan S, Borawake K, Kapadia F, Dixit S,
Chawla R, Shukla U, Amin P, Chew MS, Wamberg CA, Bose N, Shah MS, Darfelt IS, Gluud C, Lange T, Perner A. Long-
term outcomes of dexamethasone 12 mg versus 6 mg in patients with COVID-19 and severe hypoxaemia. Intensive
Care Med. 2022 May;48(5):580-589. doi: 10.1007/s00134-022-06677-2. Epub 2022 Mar 31. PMID: 35359168; PMCID:
PMC8970069.

REMAP-CAP Investigators (Bharath Kumar TV, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Ebenezer R, Ashwin Kumar Mani, Meghena
Mathew, Pratheema Ramachandran, Suresh Babu, Vignesh C), Bradbury CA, Lawler PR, Stanworth SJ, McVerry BJ,
McQuilten Z, Higgins AM et al. Effect of Antiplatelet Therapy on Survival and Organ Support-Free Days in Critically Ill
Patients With COVID-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2022 Apr 5;327(13):1247-1259. doi:
10.1001/jama.2022.2910. PMID: 35315874; PMCID: PMC8941448

WHO Solidarity Trial Consortium. (Nagarajan Ramakrishnan Bharatkumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan, Ebenezer
Rabindrarajan) Remdesivir and three other drugs for hospitalised patients with COVID-19: final results of the WHO
Solidarity randomized trial and updated meta-analyses. Lancet. 2022 May 21;399(10339):1941-1953.

Sodhi K, Arya M, Chanchalani G, et al. (Kanwalpreet Sodhi, Muktanjali Arya, Gunjan Chanchalani, Vandana Sinha,
Raymond Dominic Savio, Ajith Kumar, Ahsan Ahmed, Bharat Jagiasi, Diptimala Agarwal, Ganshyam Jagathkar, Ruchira
Khasne, Shrikant S Sahasrabudhe, Simant Kumar Jha, Tapas Kumar Sahoo, Vishal Mittal, Hemant Hr, Savika Bansal,
Chinmay Agarwal, Manender Kumar). Comparison of knowledge and awareness of infection control practices among
nurses in India: A cross-sectional survey. Am J Infect Control. 2022;50(12):1368-1373. doi:10.1016/j.ajic.2022.02.014.

Reyes LF, Murthy S, Garcia-Gallo E, Irvine M, Merson L, Martin-Loeches I, et al. ISARIC Clinical Characterisation Group.
Clinical characteristics, risk factors and outcomes in patients with severe COVID-19 registered in the International
Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium WHO clinical characterisation protocol: a prospective,
multinational, multicentre, observational study. ERJ Open Res. 2022 Feb 14;8(1):00552-2021. doi:
10.1183/23120541.00552-2021. PMID: 35169585; PMCID: PMC8669808

Naomi E. Hammond, Ashwani Kumar, Parmeet Kaur, Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan, Arpita Ghosh, Sarah
Grattan, Vivekanand Jha, Dilip Mathai, Balasubramanian Venkatesh, Sepsis in India Prevalence Study (SIPS)
Investigator Network. Estimates of sepsis prevalence and outcomes in adult intensive care unit patients in India: a
cross-sectional study. 161;6, June 2022, 1543-1554.

REMAP-CAP Investigators; ACTIV-4a Investigators; ATTACC Investigators, (R Pratheema, Suresh Babu, C Vignesh,
Bharath Kumar, N Ramakrishnan, Augustian James, Evangeline Elvira, R Ebenezer, S Krishnaoorthy, Lakshmi
Ranganathan, Manisha Madhu Shree, Ashwin Kumar Mani, Meghena Mathew, Revathi K). Therapeutic Anticoagulation
with Heparin in Critically Ill Patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2021 Aug 26;385(9):777-789. doi:
10.1056/NEJMoa2103417. Epub 2021 Aug 4. PMID: 34351722; PMCID: PMC8362592.
REMAP-CAP Investigators. (Devachandran Jayakumar, Suresh Babu, C Vignesh, Augustian James, R Ebenezer, S
Krishnamurthy, Lakshmi Ranganathan. Interleukin-6 Receptor Antagonists in Critically Ill Patients with Covid-19. N Engl
J Med. 2021 Apr 22;384(16):1491-1502. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2100433. Epub 2021 Feb 25. PMID: 33631065; PMCID:
PMC7953461
Savio RD. Procalcitonin (in COVID-19): The Incessant Quest. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021;25(1):1–2.

Aryal D, Beane A, Dondorp AM et al. Operationalisation of the Randomized Embedded Multifactorial Adaptive
Platform for COVID-19 trials in a low and lower-middle income critical care learning health system. [version 1; peer
review: awaiting peer review]. Wellcome Open Res (Jan 2021) 2021, 6:14

Savio RD, Parasuraman R, Lovesly D, et al. Feasibility, tolerance and effectiveness of enteral feeding in critically ill
patients in prone position. J Intensive Care Soc. 2021;22(1):41-46. doi:10.1177/1751143719900100

Abhishek C, Prakash B, Abraham BK, Kumar S, Ramakrishnan N, Venkataraman R. Incidence and Impact of Healthcare-
associated Infections on Patients Primarily Admitted with Sepsis and Non-sepsis Diagnoses. Indian J Crit Care Med.
(Mar) 2021;25(3):292-295. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23760. PMID: 33790509; PMCID: PMC7991774.

Ramakrishnan N. Chronic Critical Illness: Are We Just Adding Years to Life? Indian J Crit Care Med (May 2021) 2021; 25
(5):482-483.

Jayakumar D, Ramachandran, DNB P, Rabindrarajan, DNB E, Vijayaraghavan, MD BKT, Ramakrishnan, AB N,
Venkataraman, AB R. Standard Care Versus Awake Prone Position in Adult Nonintubated Patients With Acute
Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure Secondary to COVID-19 Infection—A Multicenter Feasibility Randomized Controlled
Trial. J Intensive Care Med. 2021 May 5; Available from:
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/08850666211014480

Sridharan S, B Princess I, Ramakrishnan N. Melioidosis in Critical Care: A Review. Indian J Crit Care Med (May 2021)
2021; 25(Suppl 2):S161–S165.
A G, MW M, SN M, BKT V, M C, RR W, et al. Higher vs Lower Doses of Dexamethasone in Patients with COVID-19 and
Severe Hypoxia (COVID STEROID 2) trial: Protocol for a secondary Bayesian analysis. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand
[Internet]. 2021 May 1 [cited 2021 Jul 30];65(5):702–10. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33583027/

Kar S, Chawla R, Haranath SP, Ramasubban S, Ramakrishnan N, Vaishya R, Sibal A, Reddy S. Multivariable mortality risk
prediction using machine learning for COVID-19 patients at admission (AICOVID). Sci Rep. 2021 Jun 17;11(1):12801.
doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-92146-7. PMID: 34140592.

Indian Registry of IntenSive care (IRIS), KJ Adhikari N, Beane A et al. Impact of COVID-19 on non-COVID intensive care
unit service utilization, case mix and outcomes: A registry-based analysis from India [version 1; peer review: awaiting
peer review]. Wellcome Open Res (Jun 2021) 2021, 6:159. (https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16953.1)

Janani Baradwaj, Prabash PR, Arun Kumar M, R. Ebenezer, V Parantharaman. Imaging findings and neuroradiological
manifestations in patients of Covid-19. International Journal of Contemporary Medicine Surgery and Radiology. (Apr-
Jun) 2021;6(2):B38-B42

ISARIC Clinical Characterization Group. COVID-19 symptoms at hospital admission vary with age and sex: results from
the ISARIC prospective multinational observational study. Infection. 2021 Jun 25:1–17. doi: 10.1007/s15010-021-
01599-5. July 2021. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34170486; PMCID: PMC8231091.

Group ICC, Baillie JK, Baruch J, et al (2021) ISARIC Clinical Data Report. 14 July 2021. medRxiv 2020.07.17.20155218

Munch M, Granholm A, Myatra S, Vijayaraghavan B, Cronhjort M, Wahlin R, et al. Higher vs lower doses of
dexamethasone in patients with COVID-19 and severe hypoxia (COVID STEROID 2) trial: Protocol and statistical analysis
plan. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand [Internet]. 2021 Jul 1 [cited 2021 Jul 30];65(6):834–45. Available from:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/aas.13795

Sharma G, Venkataraman R, Rajagopal S, Ramakrishnan N, Abraham BK, Savio RD. Nutrition therapy in patients
requiring noninvasive ventilation in the intensive care unit: Feasibility, tolerance, and complications. Indian J Respir
Care 2021;10:289-93. (Sep2021)

The COVID STEROID 2 Trial Group, Munch MW, Myatra SN, Vijayaraghavan BKT, Cronhjort M, Wahlin RR et al.. Effect
of 12 mg vs 6 mg of Dexamethasone on the Number of Days Alive Without Life Support in Adults With COVID-19 and

Severe Hypoxemia: The COVID STEROID 2 Randomized Trial. JAMA. 2021;326(18):1807–1817.
doi:10.1001/jama.2021.18295 (Oct2021)

Divatia JV, Mehta Y, Govil D, Zirpe K, Amin PR, Ramakrishnan N, Kapadia FN, Sircar M, Sahu S, Bhattacharya PK, Myatra
SN, Samavedam S, Dixit S, Pande RK, Mehta SN, Venkataraman R, Bajan K, Kumar V, Harne R, Thakur L, Rathod D,
Sathe P, Gurav S, D'Silva C, Pasha SA, Todi SK. Intensive Care in India in 2018-2019: The Second Indian Intensive Care
Case Mix and Practice Patterns Study. Indian J Crit Care Med. 2021 Oct;25(10):1093-1107. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-
10071-23965. (Oct2021)

Granholm A, Munch MW, Myatra SN, Vijayaraghavan BKT, Cronhjort M, Wahlin RR et al. Dexamethasone 12 mg versus
6 mg for patients with COVID-19 and severe hypoxaemia: a pre-planned, secondary Bayesian analysis of the COVID
STEROID 2 trial. Intensive Care Med. 2021 Nov 10:1–11. doi: 10.1007/s00134-021-06573-1. (Nov2021)

Mariappan R, Kumar M, Ramakrishnan N, Mani AK, Kumar S, Chandrasekaran V. Practice Patterns and Outcome of
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Therapy for Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Indian ICUs. Indian
J Crit Care Med. 2021 Nov;25(11):1263-1268. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23928. PMID: 34866823; PMCID:
PMC8608639.. (Nov2021)

Bassi A, Arfin S, Joshi R, Bathla N, Hammond NE, Rajbhandari D, Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan BK, Venkatesh B, Jha V.
Challenges in operationalising clinical trials in India during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Glob Health. 2021 Dec
22:S2214-109X(21)00546-5. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(21)00546-5. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34953516; PMCID:
PMC8694703. (Dec2021)

ISARIC Clinical Characterisation Group. The value of open-source clinical science in pandemic response: lessons from
ISARIC. Lancet Infect Dis. 2021 Dec;21(12):1623-1624.

Jacob M, Sahu S, Singh YP, Mehta Y, Yang K-Y, Kuo S-W, et al. A Prospective Observational Study of Rational Fluid
Therapy in Asian Intensive Care Units: Another Puzzle Piece in Fluid Therapy. Indian J Crit Care Med
2020;24(11):1028–1036.

Mathew M, Sairam S, Ramakrishnan N, Mani AK. The role of plasma exchange for fulminant lupus with multiorgan
involvement. Indian J Case Reports. 2020; October 28 [Epub ahead of print].

Venkataraman R. Thromboelastogram to Detect Hypercoagulability in Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients: Has Its Time
Come? Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (12):1154-1155.

Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan BK, Priyadarshini D, Rashan A, Beane A, Venkataraman R, Ramakrishnan N, et al. (2020)
Validation of a simplified risk prediction model using a cloud based critical care registry in a lower-middle income
country. PLoS ONE 15(12): e0244989. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244989

Padmanaban A, Venkataraman R, Rajagopal S, Devaprasad D, Ramakrishnan N. Feasibility and Safety of Peripheral
Intravenous Administration of Vasopressor Agents in Resource-limited Settings. J Crit Care Med (Targu Mures).
2020;6(4):210-216. Published 2020 Nov 7. doi:10.2478/jccm-2020-0030

Venkataraman R. Bundling Out Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infection. Indian J Crit Care Med
2020;24(7):502–503.

Ramakrishnan N, Vijayaraghavan BKT, Venkataraman R. Breaking Barriers to Reach Farther: A Call for Urgent Action on
Tele-ICU Services. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; https://www. ijccm.org/doi/IJCCM/pdf/10.5005/jp-journals-10071-
23447.

Adhikari NKJ, Arali R, Attanayake U et al. Implementing an intensive care registry in India: preliminary results of the
case-mix program and an opportunity for quality improvement and research [version 2; peer review: 1 approved, 1
approved with reservations]. Wellcome Open Res 2020, 5:182 (https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16152.2)

Akhvlediani T, Ali SM, Angus DC, Arabi YM, Ashraf S, Baillie JK, ISARIC clinical characterisation group et al. Global
outbreak research: harmony not hegemony. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Jun;20(7):770.

De Bus L, Depuydt P, Steen J, Dhaese S, De Smet K, Tabah A, et al (DIANA study investigators). Antimicrobial de-
escalation in the critically ill patient and assessment of clinical cure: the DIANA study. Intensive Care Med. 2020 Jun 9;
doi:10.1007/s00134-020-06111-5.

Kashyap R, Vashistha K, Saini C, Dutt T, Raman D, Bansal V, et al. Critical care practice in India: Results of the intensive
care unit need assessment survey (ININ2018). World J Crit Care Med. 2020 Jun 5;9(2):31–42.

Savio, R. D., Parasuraman, R., Lovesly, D., Shankar, B., Ranganathan, L., Ramakrishnan, N., & Venkataraman, R. (2020).
Feasibility, tolerance and effectiveness of enteral feeding in critically ill patients in prone position. Journal of the
Intensive Care Society, 175114371990010. doi:10.1177/1751143719900100

Nandagopal N, Reddy PK, Ranganathan L, Ramakrishnan N, Annigeri R, Venkataraman R. Comparison of Epidemiology
and Outcomes of Acute Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Patients with and without Sepsis. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24
(4):258-262.

Vijayaraghavan BKT, Venkataraman R, Ramakrishnan N. Critical Care Epidemiology and Research in the Face of a
Pandemic: An Opportunity in a Crisis. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (4):242-244.

Kulkarni A, Hegde A, Ramakrishnan N. Acute Kidney Injury in the Critically Ill: Herein Lies the Problem! Indian J Crit
Care Med 2020; 24 (S3):83-83.

Rajasekaran KK, Venkataraman R. Furosemide Stress Test in Predicting Acute Kidney Injury Outcomes. Indian J Crit
Care Med 2020; 24 (S3):100-101.

Ramachandran P, Jayakumar D. Contrast-induced Acute Kidney Injury. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (S3):122-125.

Ramakrishnan N, Shankar B. Nutrition Support in Critically Ill Patients with AKI. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24
(S3):135-139.

Ramakrishnan N. Promoting Clinical Practices to Sleep Better: A Dream Intensive Care Unit? Indian J Crit Care Med
2020; 24 (1):1-2.

Vadala R, Princess I, Ebenezer R, Ramakrishnan N, Krishnan G. Burns in Diabetes Mellitus Patients among Indian
Population: Does it Differ from the Rest? Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (1):11-16.

Bhat MN, Venkataraman R, Ramakrishnan N, Abraham BK, Rajagopalan S. Value of Routine Sonographic Screening of
Internal Jugular Vein to Detect Catheter Related Thrombosis in Intensive Care Unit Indian Journal of Critical Care
Medicine 2019: 23 (7):326-328.

Ranganathan L, Menon R, Ramakrishnan N, Venkataraman R, Ramachandran P. Therapeutic Plasma Exchange Practices
in Intensive Care Unit Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2019: 23 (7):336-338.

Mathew M, Ramakrishnan N, Mani A K. Chronic respiratory failure from bilateral vocal cord palsy. Journal of
Anaesthesia and Critical Care Case Reports Jan-April 2019;5(1):9-10.

Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaragavan. Survivorship and (QALY)ty: In Pursuit of a Mirage?
Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2019: 23 (3):111-112.

Angriman F, Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan BK, Dragoi L, Lopez Soto C, Chapman M, Scales DC. Antiepileptic Drugs to
Prevent Seizures After Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Stroke. 2019 Apr 2

V R Yamunadevi, V Ramasubramanian, P Senthur nambi, R. Madhumitha, Ramesh Venkataraman, Thirunarayanan,
Samundeewari, N Ramakrishnan. CRE Screening: A core infection control measure for Critical care unit (CCU) in India?
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology. In Press. 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_18_437

Ramanathan YV, Venkatasubramanian R, Nambi P S, Ramabathiran M, Venkataraman R, Thirunarayan M A,
Samundeeswari P, Ramakrishnan N. Carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae screening: A core infection control
measure for critical care unit in India?. Indian J Med Microbiol 2018;36:572-6

Ramakrishnan N, Ranganathan L, Abraham BK, Rajagopalan S, Venkataraman R. What happens to patients discharged
against medical advice? Indian J Crit Care Med 2018;22:580-4

Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan BK, Hamed S, Jain A, Chimunda T, Telias I, Friedrich JO, et al. Evidence Supporting Clinical
Use of Proportional Assist Ventilation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Trials. J Intensive Care Med.
2018 May 3;088506661876902.

Vijayaraghavan BKT, Willaert X, Cuthbertson BH. Should ICU clinicians follow patients after ICU discharge? No.
Intensive Care Med. 2018;44(9):1542–4.

Bhat MN, Vadala R, Rabindrarajan E, Ramakrishnan N. Curious case of acute unilateral deep vein thrombosis: May-
thurner syndrome. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018;22:558-60.

Princess I, Ebenezer R, Ramakrishnan N, Nandini S. Pulmonary Nocardiosis and Scrub Typhus in an
Immunocompromised Host. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases. 2018;10(2):108-111. doi:10.4103/jgid.jgid_105_17.

Bansal N, Gopalakrishnan R, Sethuraman N, Ramakrishnan N, Nambi P S, Kumar D S, Madhumitha R, Thirunarayan M
A, Ramasubramanian V. Experience with β-D-Glucan assay in the management of critically ill patients with high risk of
invasive candidiasis: An observational study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018;22:364-8.

Venkataraman R, Gopichandran V, Ranganathan L, Rajagopal S, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. Mortality prediction
using acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation IV scoring
systems: Is there a difference?. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018;22:332-5.

Venkataraman R, Divatia J, Ramakrishnan N, Chawla R, Amin P, Gopal P, Chaudhry D, Zirpe K, Abraham B. Multicenter
observational study to evaluate epidemiology and resistance patterns of common intensive care unit-infections. Indian
J Crit Care Med 2018;22:20-6.

Vignesh C, Kumar M, Venkataraman R, Rajagopal S, Ramakrishnan N, Abraham BK. Extracorporeal membrane
oxygenation in drug overdose: A clinical case series. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018;22:111-5.

Sioson, Marianna S. et al (Nagarajan Ramakrishnan). Nutrition therapy for critically ill patients across the Asia–Pacific
and Middle East regions: A consensus statement. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, Volume 24, 156-164.

Ramakrishnan N, DD. Prophylaxis and incidence of symptomatic deep vein thrombosis in indian patients with sepsis:
DETECT-deep vein thrombosis registry. Indian J Crit Care Med 2017;21:765-71.

Princess I, Ebenezer R, Ramakrishnan N, Daniel AK, Nandini S, Thirunarayan M A. Melioidosis: An emerging infection
with fatal outcomes. Indian J Crit Care Med 2017;21:397-400.

Ghafur A, Gohel S, Devarajan V, Raja T, Easow J, Raja M A, Sreenivas S, Ramakrishnan B, Ramakrishnan T, Raman S G,
Devaprasad D, Venkatachalam B, Nimmagadda R. Colistin nephrotoxicity in adults: Single centre large series from
India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2017;21:350-4.

Bhavsar MM, Devarajan T V, Nembi P S, Ramakrishnan N, Mani AK. Metastatic endogenous endophthalmitis: A rare
presentation with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus prostatic abscess. Indian J Crit Care Med 2017;21:172-5.

Karthiraj N, Ramakrishnan N, Mani AK. Hemodialysis for lactic acidosis. Indian J Crit Care Med 2017;21:537-8.

Bellani G, Laffey JG, Pham T, Madotto F, Fan E, Brochard L, et al. LUNG SAFE Investigators. Noninvasive Ventilation of
Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Chawla R, Myatra SN, Ramakrishnan N, Todi S, Kansal S, Dash SK. Current practices of mobilization, analgesia, relaxants
and sedation in Indian ICUs: A survey conducted by the Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine . Indian J Crit Care Med
2014;18:575-84.

Shamly Austin, Srinivas Murthy, Hannah Wunsch, Neill K. J. Adhikari, Veena Karir, Kathryn Rowan, Shevin T. Jacob,
Jorge Salluh, Fernando A. Bozza, Bin Du, Youzhong An, Bruce Lee, Felicia Wu, Yen-Lan Nguyen, Chris Oppong, Ramesh
Venkataraman, Vimalraj Velayutham, Carmelo Dueñas, Derek C. Angus and on behalf of International Forum of Acute
Care Trialists. Access to urban acute care services in high- vs. middle-income countries: an analysis of seven Cities.
Intensive Care Med. 2014; 40(3): 342–352.

Sharma SK, Katoch VM, Mohan A, Kadhiravan T, Elavarasi A, Ragesh R, Nischal N, Sethi P, Behera D, Bhatia M, Ghoshal
A G, Gothi D, Joshi J, Kanwar M S, Kharbanda O P, Kumar S, Mohapatra P R, Mallick B N, Mehta R, Prasad R, Sharma S
C, Sikka K, Aggarwal S, Shukla G, Suri J C, Vengamma B, Grover A, Vijayan V K, Ramakrishnan N, Gupta R, Apnoea
(INOSA) Guidelines Working Group f. Consensus & Evidence-based INOSA Guidelines 2014 (First edition). Indian J Med
Res 2014;140:451-68.

Venkataraman R, Ranganathan L, Ponnish AS, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. Funding sources for continuing medical
education: An observational study . Indian J Crit Care Med 2014;18:513-7.

Purwar S, Venkataraman R, Senthilkumar R, Ramakrishnan N, Abraham BK. Noninvasive ventilation: Are we overdoing
it?. Indian J Crit Care Med 2014;18:503-7.

Ramakrishnan N. Translating intentions to prescriptions: Mind the gap!. Indian J Crit Care Med 2014;18:267-8.

Kar A, Dhanaraj M, Dedeepiya D, Harikrishna K. Acute encephalitis syndrome following scrub typhus infection. Indian J
Crit Care Med 2014;18:453-5.

Ramakrishnan N, Daphnee D K, Ranganathan L, Bhuvaneshwari S. Critical care 24 × 7: But, why is critical nutrition
interrupted? Indian J Crit Care Med 2014;18:144-8.

Reddy NP, K P R, P D, Annigeri R, Ramakrishnan N, Venkataraman R. Epidemiology, outcomes and validation of RIFLE
and AKIN criteria in acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients: Indian perspective. Ren Fail. 2014 Jul;36(6):831-7.

Ramakrishnan N. Critical economics of life and death: Intense + Expensive care = Intensive care? Indian Journal of
Critical Care Medicine. March-April 2013; Vol 17:67-8.

Ravi KP, Durairajan S, Purvar S, Venkataraman R, Ramasubramanian V and Ramakrishnan N. Epidemiology of Intesive
Care Unit infections and impact of infectious disease consultants in managing resistant infections. Am. Journal of Inf.
Diseases. May 2013. Volume 9, Issue 2; Pages 30-33.

Anup Bansal, Pavan Yadav, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Weight gain in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea on Positive
Airway Pressure (PAP) Therapy: Myth or Reality? Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine. 2013:8;4: 164-6.

Venkataraman R, Kellum JA. Sepsis: update in the management. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2013 Jan;20(1):6-13.

K. P. Ravi, Suresh Durairajan, Sankalp Parivar, Ramesh Venkataraman, V. Ramasubramanian and N. Ramakrishnan.
Epidemiology of ICU infections and impact of infectious diseases Consultant in managing resistant infections. Am.
Journal of Inf. Diseases. 2013. Volume 9, Issue 2: 30-33.

Bansal A, Ponnish AS, Ramakrishnan N. Practical Approach to sleep disordered breathing. Ind J Resp Care 2013; 2:277 –
83.

Prevention and treatment of Venous Thromboembolism. International Consensus Statement. (Guidelines according to
scientific evidence). [Faculty – Dr. N. Ramakrishnan (India)]. International Angiology. 32:2, April 2013.

Raja Jayaram and Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Reimbursement for critical care services in India. Indian J Crit Care Med.
2013 Jan-Feb; 17(1): 1–9.

Emlet LL, Al-Khafaji A, Kim YH, Venkataraman R, Rogers PL, Angus DC. Trial of Shift Scheduling with standardized sign
out to improve continuity of critical care in Intensive Care Units. Crit Care Med 2012 Dec;40(12):3129-34.

Ramakrishnan Nagarajan, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Arvind K Sundaram, Mary Charles. CPAP therapy in OSA – A gap
analysis between recommendation and usage. Indian J Sleep Med 2012; 7.4, 150-156.

Vijay Viswanathan, N Ramakrishnan, S Sunaina, A Vigneswari, K Satyavani. Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes may have
Obstructive Sleep Apnea even at lower BMI values. Indian J Sleep Med 2012; 7.2: 45-47.

Liew NC, Chang YH, Choi G, Chu PH, Gao X, N. Ramakrishnan et al. Asian venous thromboembolism guidelines:
prevention of venous thromboembolism. Int Angiol. 2012 Dec; 31(6):501-16.

Ramakrishnan N. Business of Sleep Medicine. Indian J Sleep Med 2010; 5:1:1-4.

Bagshaw SM, Uchino S, Bellomo R, Morimatsu H, Morgera S, Schetz M, Tan I, Bouman C, Macedo E, Gibney N, Tolwani
A, Oudemans-van Straaten HM, Ronco C, Kellum JA; Beginning and Ending Supportive Therapy for the Kidney (BEST
Kidney) Investigators. Timing of renal replacement therapy and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients with severe
acute kidney injury. J Crit Care. 2009 Mar;24(1):129-40.

Bagshaw SM, Uchino S, Cruz D, Bellomo R, Morimatsu H, Morgera S, Schetz M, Tan I, Bouman C, Macedo E, Gibney N,
Tolwani A, Oudemans-van Straaten HM, Ronco C, Kellum JA; Beginning and Ending Supportive Therapy for the Kidney
(BEST Kidney) Investigators – Ramesh Venkataraman. A comparison of observed versus estimated baseline creatinine
for determination of RIFLE class in patients with acute kidney injury. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2009 Sep; 24(9): 2739-
44.

Chavda M, Cherian A, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. Medicolegal aspects of organ transplantation in India. IJPP 2009;
11 (2):112.

S Prakash, N Ramakrishnan. Narcolepsy: How common is the tetrad? Indian J Sleep Med 2009; 4 (2): 68-69.

Shneiderman H, Ramakrishnan N. Pretibial Myxoedema, autoimmune thyroid disorders, ophthalmopathy, and
generalized myxedema: a confusing mixture. CONSULTANT 2008; 48:387-389.

TV Devarajan, PS Prashanth, Ashwin K Mani, Suma M Victor*, P Shabeena Khan. Dengue with ARDS. Journal of Indian
Academy of Clinical Medicine. JIACM 2008; 9(2): 146-9.

Jayaram R, Ramakrishnan N. Cost of Intensive Care in India. Indian Journal of Crit Care Medicine, 2008; 12: 55.

Kellum JA, Venkataraman R, Powner D, Elder M, Hergenroeder G, Carter M. Feasibility study of cytokine removal by
hemoadsorption in brain-dead humans. Crit Care Med. 2008 Jan; 36(1):268-72.

Murugan R, Venkataraman R, Wahed AS, Elder M, Hergenroeder G, Carter M, Madden NJ, Powner D, Kellum JA;
HIDonOR Study Investigators. Increased plasma interleukin-6 in donors is associated with lower recipient hospital-free
survival after cadaveric organ transplantation. Crit Care Med. 2008 Jun;36(6):1810-6.

Rajendiran G, Jayabalan R, Chandrahasan S, Mani AK. A case of acute paraplegia that improved with dialysis. Indian J
Crit Care Med 2008;12:39-41.

Govarthanan R, Saravanan DC, Mani AK. Massive sedation for alcohol withdrawal.www.priory.com.2008

VA/NIH Acute Renal Failure Trial Network, Palevsky PM, Zhang JH, O'Connor TZ, Chertow GM, Crowley ST, Choudhury
D, Finkel K, Kellum JA, Paganini E, Schein RM, Smith MW, Swanson KM, Thompson BT, Vijayan A, Watnick S, Star RA,
Peduzzi P. Intensity of renal support in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. N Engl J Med. 2008Jul 3;359(1):7-
20.

Venkataraman R. Can we prevent acute kidney injury? Crit Care Med. 2008 Apr;36(4 Suppl):S166-71.

Venkataraman R, Kellum JA. Prevention of Acute Renal Failure. Chest,2007 Jan; 131(1):300-308.

Venkataraman R and Kellum JA. Defining ARF- RIFLE Criteria. J Intensive Care Med. 2007 Jul-Aug; 22(4):187-93.

A Subrahmanyam, T P Ramesh, N Ramakrishnan. Oxygenation of human blood using photocatalytic reaction. ASAIO
Journal 2007; 53.

Ariga Padma, Ramakrishnan N, Vinod Narayanan. Management of Sleep Apnea: A dental perspective. Indian J Dent
Res, 2007; 18 (4): 210 .

Bihari S, Jain N, Ramakrishnan N. Critical Care in India. ICU Management 2006/2007; 6 (4): 38.

Bihari S, Rajesh V, Ramakrishnan N. Value of Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NPPV) during fiberoptic
bronchoscopy. Indian Journal of Bronchology. 2007: 2:123.

Bihari S, Ramakrishnan N. A boy with episodic hypersomnolence – a case report. Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine
2007; 2 (3): 109.

Kellum J, Leblanc M, Venkataraman R. Acute renal failure. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Aug 1;76(3):418-22.

Madden NJ, Demarsico AJ, Schocker LA, Venkataraman R, Kellum JA. On-pump vs. off-pump coronary artery bypass
surgery at a non-academic community hospital: have biocompatibility improvements eliminated the superiority of off-
pump surgery? Int J Artif Organs. 2007 Apr; 30(4):338-44.

Raja JR, Ramakrishnan N. Comparison of Critical Care Services in Indian and the UK. ICU Management 2006/2007;6 (4):
42.

Ramakrishnan N, Schneiderman H. Artifactual broad complex tachycardia due to parkinsonian tremor. CONSULTANT
2007; 35: 985-89.

Bihari S, Ramakrishnan N. Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome – A Case report. Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine 2006 (1):
3: 154.

Gunnerson K, Venkataraman R and Kellum JA: Acid-Base Disorders. In: Murray P, Brady HR and Hall JB (eds), Intensive
Care in Nephrology, Martin Dunitz, London, 2006; Chapter 20, pp 301-314.

Venkataraman R, Kellum JA. Dialysis Dosing in Acute Renal Failure. ICU Management Volume 6- Issue 1-2006.

Venkataraman R, Murugan R. Blood Purification Strategies in Sepsis. In Ramakrishnan N (ed). Proceedings of the
International Critical Care Congress and 12th Annual Conference of the Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine:
Criticare Chennai 2006 (ISCCM). Pp 158-164.

Venkataraman R, Palevsky P, Kellum JA. Adequacy of dialysis in acute renal failure. Semin Nephrol 2005; 25 (2) (Mar):
120-124.

Venkataraman R, Kellum JA. Timing of Initiation of Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Renal Failure. ICU
Management Volume 5- Issue 4-2005-Winter. Page 20.

JR Raja, BK Abraham, N Ramakrishnan. ICU Telemedicine in India; promises and reality. ICU Management 2005;5
(4):14.

Kellum JA, Venkataraman R. Application of blood purification to non-renal organ failure. Int J Artif Organs.2005
May;28(5):445-9.

Kellum JA, Leblanc M and Venkataraman R: Acute Renal Failure. In Clinical Evidence: British Medical Journal. Edition 12
(2005).

Kellum JA, Venkataraman R. Treatment of Acute Renal Failure: Has mortality changed? In Criticare-2004: Proceedings
of the 10th Annual Conference of ISCCM. Karnad DR (ed) Urvi Compugraphics, Mumbai, India 2004; pp 83-84.

Hoste E, Clermont G, Kersten A, Venkataraman R, Angus DC, DeBacquer D, Kellum JA. RIFLE criteria for acute kidney
injury are associated with hospital mortality in critically ill patients: a cohort analysis. Critical Care 2006; 10(3): R73. (E
published, 2006 May 12).

Venkataraman R. Vascular surgery critical care: perioperative cardiac optimization to improve survival. Crit Care Med
2006; 34(9-suppl): S-200-207.

Venkataraman R. Prevention of Acute Renal Failure. Critical Care Clinics 2005; 21(2):281-289.

Uchino S, Bellomo R, Morimatsu H, Morgera S, Schetz M, Tan I, Bouman C, Macedo E, Gibney N. Tolwani A, Doig GS,
Oudemans van Straaten H, Ronco C, Kellum JA: Beginning and Ending Supportive Therapy for the Kidney (BEST Kidney)
Investigators. External validation of severity scoring systems for acute renal failure using a multinational database. Crit
Care Med 2005, 33 (9): 1961-7.

Uchino S, Kellum JA, Bellomo R, Doig G, Morimatsu H, Morgera S, Schetz M, Tan I, Bouman C, Macedo E, Gibney N,
Tolwani A, Ronco C for the Beginning and Ending Supportive Therapy for the Kidney (BEST) Investigators. Acute Renal
Failure in Critically Ill Patients: A multinational, multicenter study. JAMA August 2005; 294 (8) 813-818.

Venkataraman R and Kellum JA: Polyuria In: Fink MP, Abraham E, Vincent JL, Kochanek P (eds) Textbook of Critical
Care, Fifth Edition, Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2005; Chapter 10, pp 43-46.

Venkataraman R, Kellum JA. Acute Renal Failure in the Critically Ill. Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology 2005; 18: 117-
122.

Babu K. Abraham, Ramakrishnan N. Early detection of a sick patient. Apollo Hospitals Proceedings. Apr 2004, 02 (2):
47-50.

Venkataraman R, Song M, Lynas R, Kellum JA. Hemoadsorption to Improve Organ Recovery from Brian-Dead Organ
Donors: A Novel Therapy for a Novel Indication? Blood Purification 2004; 22 (1): 143-149

Kellum JA, Song M, Venkataraman R. Effect of Hyperchloremic Acidosis on Arterial Pressure and Circulating
Inflammatory Molecules in Experimental Sepsis. Chest, 2004;125 (1): 243-248.

Kellum JA, Song M, Venkataraman R. Hemoadsorption Removes TNF, IL-6, and IL-10, Reduces NFB DNA Binding, and
Improves Short-Term Survival in Lethal Endotoxemia. Critical Care Medicine 2004; 32 (3): 801-805.

Ramakrishnan N, Nagesh CN, Nachiappan. Scorpion Sting: An Unusual complication. Apollo Hospitals Proceedings. Jan
2004; 02(1):21-23.

Rajan S, Ramakrishnan N. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Comprehensive Review. Apollo Hospitals
Proceedings 2003. 01; 03; 47-57.

Ashwin K Mani and Gregory C. Kane. Pulmonary manifestations of Mycobacterium Avium Intracellular infection in the
immunocompetent host -– Hospital Physician Board Review Manual 11.1. 2003.

Clermont G, Angus DC, Kalassian KG, Linde-Zwirble WT, Ramakrishnan N, Linden PK, Pinsky MR. Reassessing the value
of short-term mortality in sepsis: Comparing conventional approaches to modeling. Crit Care Med 2003; 31: 2627-
2633.

Venkataraman R, Kellum JA. Novel Approaches to the Treatment of Acute Renal Failure. Expert Opin Investig Drugs,
August 2003; 12 (8): 1353-1366.

Venkataraman R, Subramanian S and Kellum JA: Extracorporeal Blood Purification In Severe Sepsis. Critical Care, April
2003: 7(2): 139-145.

Suresh Kumar Sundaramurthy, Raymond Dominic Savio, Steffy Immanuel, Lakshmi Ranganathan,
Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Dedeepiya Devaprasad. Prevalence of frailty in
critically ill cancer patients and its impact on acute outcomes and post ICU discharge quality of life.
Poster Presentation, 43rd International Symposium on Intensive Care & Emergency Medicine. Brussels,
March 2023.

BK Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan, IRIS Frailty Investigators. Frailty among critically ill adults in india and
association with patient-centered outcomes: a registry embedded cohort study. Poster Presentation,
43rd International Symposium on Intensive Care & Emergency Medicine. Brussels, March 2023.

K. Girish, R. Annigeri, N. Ramakrishnan, R. Venkataraman. Prevalence of Augmented Renal Clearance
and Utility Of ARC and ARCTIC Scores in Predicting Augmented Renal Clearance in the Intensive Care
Unit (PROACTIVE STUDY). Poster Presentation, EuroAsia, New Delhi, June 30 – July 3, 2022

J. Divatia, F. Kapadia, Indicaps-2 investigators. Limitation of Life-sustaining Treatments in adult patients
in Indian ICUs: Data from the second Indian Intensive Care Case Mix and Practice Patterns Study
(INDICAPS-II). Abstract Presentation. ESICM 2022. Paris. 22-26 October 2022.

Gowtham K, Ajay Padmanaban, Gerard Joseph Gonsalvez, Ramakrishnan N, Babu K Abraham. Evaluation
of Quality of Life in survivors of critical illness and challenges in running a post ICU clinic in India. Oral
Presentation. Criticare 2022. Ahmedabad, India. 8-10 April 2022.

Raghavi H, Samundeeswari P, Venkataraman R, Ramakrishnan N, Padmanaban A. VAP Bundle
Components and their Compliance in a tertiary Intensive Care Unit. Poster Presentation. Criticare 2022.
Ahmedabad, India. 8-10 April 2022.

Gonsalvez GJ, Vignesh C, Abraham BK, Senthilkumar Rajagopal, Ramakrishnan N, Venkataraman R.
Evaluation of Quality of Sleep and Barriers to Good Sleep among Non-Ventilated Critically ill patients.
Poster Presentation. Criticare 2022. Ahmedabad, India. 8-10 April 2022.

Majarul Islam, Senthilkumar R, Bharath Kumar. Practice patterns of High flow nasal cannula use for
Acute Respiratory Failure in a tertiary care hospital in India. Poster Presentation. Criticare 2022.
Ahmedabad, India. 8-10 April 2022.

Vignesh Vasudevan, Vignesh Chandrasekaran, Rajeev Annigeri, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Ramesh
Venkataraman. Renal Angina Index as a Predictor of Severe Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) and need for Renal
Replacement Therapy in Critically Ill Patients. Abstracts Criticare – IJCCM2020. Indian J Crit Care Med
2020; 24 (S2):S28.

Sandeep Gurugubelli, Ajay Padmanaban, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Raymond
Dominic Savio. Prognostic value of ultrasound guided assessment of quadriceps muscle wasting in
patients with septic shock. Abstracts Criticare – IJCCM2020. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (S2):S19.

Hariharan Mohanasundaram, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Bharath Kumar
Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan, Senthilkumar Rajagopal. Implementation and evaluation of a nurse led Pre-
Medical Emergency Team (Pre-Met) in a tertiary care hospital in India. – IJCCM2020. Indian J Crit Care
Med 2020; 24 (S2):S51.

Lakshmi Ranganathan, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi
Vijayaraghavan. Re-Searching Critical Care Research in India. IJCCM2020. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24
(S2):S53.

Abhishek Chintamani, Bala Prakash, Babu Abraham, Senthil Kumar, N. Ramakrishnan, Ramesh
Venkataraman. Impact of ICU acquired infections on patients admitted with sepsis and non-septic
diagnoses. Poster Presentation. Criticare 2019, Feb 2019. Mumbai, India.

Indu Tamilmani, Sneha Mohan, Ashwin. K. Mani, Senthilkumar Rajagopalan, Babu K. Abraham,
Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Ramesh Venkataraman. Certification renewal rates among participants of Life
Support courses. Poster Presentation. Criticare 2019, Feb 2019. Mumbai, India.

Hari Naveen A, Sooraj Kumar, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Bharath Kumar
Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan. Incidence of delirium in non-intubated critically ill patients. Poster
Presentation. Criticare 2019, Feb 2019. Mumbai, India.

Naveen Chandra, Sneha Mohan, N Ramakrishnan, Babu K Abraham, R Senthilkumar, Ramesh
Venkataraman. AKI and Fluid Balance. Oral Presentation. Criticare 2019, Feb 2019. Mumbai, India.

Debasish Panda, R Senthilkumar, Babu K Abraham, N Ramakrishnan, Raymond Savio. Diaphragmatic
weakness in ICU. Oral Presentation. Criticare 2019, Feb 2019. Mumbai, India.

Madhisetti Koteswara Rao, Babu K Abraham, N Ramakrishnan, Senthil Kumar, Vignesh C. Prediction of
fluid responsiveness by change in carotid peak velocity during tidal volume challenge. Oral Presentation.
Criticare 2019, Feb 2019. Mumbai, India.

Archana Kalaichelvam, Bala Prakash, Senthilkumar Rajagopalan, Babu K Abraham, Nagarajan
Ramakrishnan, Ramesh Venkataraman. Stress ulcer prophylaxis in ICU. Are we overdoing it? Poster
presentation, Criticare 2018, Varanasi, India.

Zahira Khathun. A, Vijayashanthi. C, Dr. Ramesh Venkataraman, Daphnee.D.K. Early goal directed nutritional delivery on the clinical outcomes in septic critically ill patients. Poster presentation. Apollo International Clinical Nutrition Update 2018

Varun Byrappa, Babu K Abraham, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Ashwin K Mani.
Culture Negative Severe Sepsis. Poster presentation, Criticare 2017, Kochi, India.

M V Sanjay, Babu K Abraham, R Senthil Kumar, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Ramesh Venkataraman.
Assessing the Effectiveness of Etco2 in estimation of PLR responsiveness in Shock states. Poster
presentation, Criticare 2017, Kochi, India.

Rakesh Narayanaswamy, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Senthilkumar Rajagopal, Babu K Abraham,
Dedeepiya Devaprasad. Comparison of Full Outline of Unresponsiveness Score to Glasgow Coma Scale in
Critically Ill Patients. Oral Presentation, Criticare 2017, Kochi, India.

Pavandev AS, Sonny Sunny, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Senthilkumar Rajagopal.
Usefulness of Pre-MET (Medical Emergency Team) identification and triage in a tertiary care hospital.
Poster presentation, Criticare 2017, Kochi, India.

Sathya AC, Mrugank M Bhavsar, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan
Ramakrishnan. ICU readmissions in a tertiary care hospital – A retrospective observational study. Poster
presentation, Criticare 2017, Kochi, India.

David Shoseyov, Elad Fein, Yuval Oded, Ashwin Mani. Asthma therapy using Heart Rate Variability
modulation by biofeedback. European Respiratory Journal 2017 50: PA3868; DOI:
10.1183/1393003.congress-2017.PA3868.

Pratheema Ramachandran, Saravanan A, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Rajagopal
Senthilkumar. Are goals of care achieved in tracheostomized patients? Poster presentation. Criticare
2016. Feb 2016.

Manohar N M Bhat, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Babu K Abraham, Senthilkumar
Rajagopalan. Value of routine sonographic screening of IJV to detect catheter related thrombosis in ICU.
Oral presentation. Criticare 2016. Feb 2016.

Ankit Gajjar, Rohit Vadala, Bala Prakash, Rajagopal Senthilkumar, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Prevention
Of Venous Thromboembolism: Not in Vain. Poster presentation. Criticare 2016. Feb 2016.

Ronak M. Yagnik, Senthilkumar Rajagopalan, Babu.K. Abraham, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Ramesh
Venkataraman. Prone Ventilation – Is it possible to implement evidence? Poster presentation. Criticare
2016. Feb 2016.

Neha Arora, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Senthilkumar Rajagopalan, Babu. K.
Abraham. Should Cuff leak test be done routinely prior to extubation? Poster presentation. Criticare
2016. Feb 2016.

Advait Ingole, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Ramesh Venkataraman , Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Babu K
Abraham. Epidemiology and outcome of H1NI influenza patients requiring intensive care management.
Poster presentation. Criticare 2016. Feb 2016.

Rekha D, Ashwin K Mani. Comparative study of Protein delivered in critically ill patients on enteral
nutrition. Poster Presentation. Apollo International Clinical Nutrition Update. AICNU 2016. Aug 2016.

Sreevidya S, Brahmananda Reddy N, Muraray Govind P, Pratheema R, Devachandran J. Prevalence of
ESBL and carbapenemase producing uropathogens in a newly opened hospital in South India. Critical
Care v.20(Suppl 2);2016:P073.

Muraray Govind P, Brahmananda Reddy N, Pratheema R, Arul ED, Devachandran J. Outcomes of
octagenarians in an indian ICU. Critical Care v.20(Suppl 2);2016:P408.

Devachandran J, Muraray Govind P, Pratheema R. Preventing pressure ulcers from NG tubes. Poster
presentation at the international patient safety congress, Chennai. Oct 2016.

Devachandran J, Bramha Nanda Reddy, Pratheema R. A protocol for the management of extravasation
injuries from non-cytotoxic medications. Poster presentation at the international patient safety
congress, Chennai. Oct 2016.

Ramesh Venkataraman, Rajalakshmi Parasuraman, Bhuvaneswari Shankar, Daphnee D K, Nagarajan
Ramakrishnan. Feeding the critically ill: Is prone position a hindrance? Indian Journal of Critical Care
Medicine. March 2015; Vol 19: Suppl 1. S4.

Ramesh Venkataraman, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Babu K Abraham, Rajagopal
Senthilkumar. Observation about an observational study. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. March
2015; Vol 19: Suppl 1. S9.

Babu K Abraham, Krishnamurti Venkateswaran, Ramesh Venkataraman, Rajagopal Senthilkumar,
Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Clostridium difficile or clostridium different in Indian ICUs? Indian Journal of
Critical Care Medicine. March 2015; Vol 19: Suppl 1. S11.

Babu K Abraham, Rajagopal Senthilkumar, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Impact of
clinical pharmacist on medication errors in the Critical Care Unit. Indian Journal of Critical Care
Medicine. March 2015; Vol 19: Suppl 1. S14.

Ramesh Venkataraman, Rajagopal Senthilkumar, Babu K Abraham, Ashwin K Mani, Nagarajan
Ramakrishnan. Tele-ICU: 24/7 close monitoring from a distance. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.
March 2015; Vol 19: Suppl 1. S22

Duraipandian Ravivarma, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Babu K Abraham, Ramesh Venkataraman. Incidence
and reasons of fluid overload in patients admitted with shock. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.
March 2015; Vol 19: Suppl 1. S34

Amit Kulkarni, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Ramesh Venkataraman. Renal replacement practices in acute
kidney injury in a multidisciplinary Tertiary Critical Care Unit. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.
March 2015; Vol 19: Suppl 1. S34

Sakthivel Murugesan, Rama Menon, Rajagopal Senthilkumar, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Blood
transfusion practices in critical care unit. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. March 2015; Vol 19:
Suppl 1. S36

Dr. P. A. Prakkash, Dr. Senthilkumar Rajagopal, Dr. V. Dedeepiya Devaprasad, Dr.Yogeshvaghela, Dr.
Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Therapeutic Hypothermia: A Cool Concept With Hot Results. Presented (Oral)
In Criticare 2014. Feb 2014.

Dr. Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Vipin Nirmal, Kameshwaran J, Sheela CV, Renuka MV, Lakshmi
Ranganathan. Height Measurement In The Critical Care Unit – Is There A Gold Standard? Presented
(Poster) In Criticare 2014. Feb 2014.

Dr. Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Dr. Pratheema R, Dr. Daniel T Kurian, Dr. Rema Menon, Dr. Ramesh
Venkataraman. Therapeutic Plasma Exchange Practices In The Intensive Care Unit. Presented (Oral) In
Criticare 2014. Feb 2014.

Dr. Senthil Kumar R, Archana C, Dhanalakshmi P, Dr. Ramesh Venkataraman, Dr. Ramakrishnan. N.
Patients Discharged Against Medical Advice (Ama) – What Happens To Them? Presented (Oral) In
Criticare 2014. Feb 2014.

Dr. Yogeshkumar Vaghela, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Dr. Ramasubramanian. V, Dr. Ramesh Venkataraman,
Dr. Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Appropriateness And De-Escalation Of Empiric Antibiotic Therapy In The
Intensive Care Unit. Presented (Poster) In Criticare 2014. Feb 2014.

Dhanalakshmi P, S Senthil Kumar, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Ramesh Venkataraman, N Ramakrishnan.
Glycemic Control – Is India sweeter and safer? Presented in Criticare 2013, Kolkata, India. 1 – 3 March
2013.

Sujith M Thomas, Siddhartha Reddy K, Dhanalakshmi P, Ramesh Venkataraman, Nagarajan
Ramakrishnan. Elderly in ICU: how well do we treat them? Presented in Criticare 2013, Kolkata, India. 1 –
3 March 2013.

Anup Bansal, Amar Vedamurthy, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Patient Perception of Sleep Quality and
Factors Contributing to Sleep Disruption in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Presented in Criticare 2013,
Kolkata, India. 1 – 3 March 2013.

Lakshmi Ranganathan, Ramesh Venkataraman, Arun Ponnish, Babu K. Abraham, N. Ramakrishnan.
Continued Medical Education- Whose Money is it Anyway? Presented in Criticare 2013, Kolkata, India. 1
– 3 March 2013.

Anup Bansal, Amar Vedamurthy, N.Ramakrishnan. Influence of Intensive Care Unit Environment on
Perceived Sleep Quality and Daytime Sleepiness. Poster Presentation at the Sleepcon 2013, 29 – 31
March, 2013.

Pavan Kumar Reddy. N, Ravi. K.P, Ramesh Venkataraman, Rajeev Annigeri, N.Ramakrishnan.
Epidemiology And Outcomes Of Acute Kidney Injury In Adult Critically Ill Patients And Validation Of Rifle
And Acute Kidney Network (AKIN) Criteria – Observational Study From A Large Tertiary Care Indian ICU.
Poster Presentation at 2nd Singapore-ANZICS Intensive Care Forum 2013, Singapore, 12-14 July, 2013.

Pavan Kumar Reddy. N, Dhanalakshmi P, Lakshmi Ranganathan, Ramesh Venkataraman, Rajeev Annigeri,
N.Ramakrishnan. Epidemiology and Outcomes of Acute Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Patients With Sepsis.
Poster Presentation at 2nd Singapore-ANZICS Intensive Care Forum 2013, Singapore, 12-14 July, 2013.

Bhuvaneshwari S, Daphnee D, Ranganathan L, Ramakrishnan N. Early goal directed nutrition support:
Does it impact outcome in critically ill patients? Poster presentation at ESPEN 2013, Leipzig, Germany, 31
August to 3 September 2013.

Ramakrishnan N (On behalf of DETECT DVT Investigators). Prophylaxis and incidence of symptomatic
DVT in Indian patients with sepsis – DETECT DVT Registry. Care Med 2013: 41: 12 (Suppl): 2014.

JV Divatia, R. Chawla, S. Chatterjee, D. Govil, CK Jani, FN Kapadia, AP Kulkarni, N. Ramakrishnan, N.
Rungta, S. Sahu, DP Samaddar, S. Todi, S. Srinivas and the INDICAPS Group. “ Epidemiology and
Outcomes of Sepsis in Indian ICUs Results from the Indian Intensive Care Case Mix and Practice Patterns
Study (INDICAPS)”. Presented at the 11th Congress of the World Federation of Societies of Intensive and
Critical Care Medicine, Durban, South Africa, Aug 28 – Sep 1, 2013.

Bhuvaneshwari S, Daphnee D, Ranganathan L, Venkataraman R, Ramakrishnan N. Parenteral Nutrtition
Practices: Beyond Gut Feeling? Clinical Nutrition 2012. Vol 7 (Suppl 1); 118.

Ramakrishnan N, Ranganathan L, Isabel M, Ponnish A, Ranganathan L. Sleep Medicine in India: Are
patients better informed than referral physicians. CHEST 2012; 142: 1069A.

Ramakrishnan N, Ranganathan L, Ponnish A S, Isabel M. Peripheral Arterial Tonometry: Is it a reliable
alternative to diagnose OSA? Presented at SLEEPCON 2012, Chandigarh, India.

Vijay Viswanathan, Ramakrishnan N, Sunaina S, Vigneswari Aravindalochanan, Satyavani Kumpatia.
Subjects with type 2 diabetes may have obstructive sleep apnea even at lower BMI values. Presented at
the Research Society for the study of Diabetes in India (RSSDI), Mumbai, November 2011.

Sureshkumar D, Ramasubramaniam V, Ramakrishnan N. Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceptions of
Intensive Care Physicians towards nosocomial infections – a report. Presentation at the first annual
conference of Clinical Infectious Diseases Society of India (CIDSI), August 2011.

Shankar B, Daphnee D, Ranganathan L, Ramakrishnan Nagarajan. Early Enteral Nutrition – Translating
Guidelines to Practice. Clinical Nutrition 2011. Vol 6 (S1): 124.

Shankar B, Daphnee D, Ranganathan L, Ramakrishnan Nagarajan. Critical Care 24 X7, but why is Critical
Nutrition interrupted? Clinical Nutrition 2011. Vol 6 (S 1): 24.

Routray PK, Venkataraman R, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. Is recombinant Factor VII an overused in
critically ill patients? IJCCM Jan 2011; 15 (Suppl 1): S17.

Purwar S, Venkataraman R, Senthilkumar R, Ramakrishnan N. Non-invasive Ventilation: Are we
overdoing it? IJCCM Jan 2011; 15 (Suppl 1): S25.

Bhuvaneshwari S, Daphnee DK, Ranganathan L, Ramakrishnan N. Value of Nutritional Assessment on
admission to Critical Care Unit. IJCCM Jan 2011; 15 (Suppl 1): S21.

Venkataraman R, Ranganathan L, Rajnibala V, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. Critical Care: Are we
customer friendly? IJCCM Jan 2011; 15 (Suppl 1): S22.

Ashwin. K. Mani. Heartbroken by the flu! Abstract. Chest 2011.

Ashwin. K. Mani. A PRESsing case of GBS. Chest 2011.

Ashwin. K. Mani. Bronchoscopy for infiltrates in BMT patients. Chest 2011.

Venkataraman R, Janardhanam A, Abraham BK, Porchelvan S, Ramakrishnan N. Medical Simulation is a
useful additive tool for teaching Advanced Life Support. Presented in annual conference of Society for
Simulation in Healthcare 2010.

Kavita K, Devaprasad D, Rajagopal M, Venkataraman R, Ramakrishnan N. Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis –
More than skin deep. Presented in Annual conference of Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine,
Criticare 2010.

N Ramakrishnan, S Bhuvaneshwari, R Venkataraman, B Abraham. Are we feeding our critically ill
patients appropriately? Presented in 30th International Symposium in Critical Care Medicine held in
Brussels, March 2010.

PK Reddy, KP Ravi, R Venkataraman, R Annigeri, BK Abraham, N Ramakrishnan. Acute Kidney Injury:
Occurrence and impact on outcome. Presented in Annual Conference of Indian Society of Critical Care
Medicine, Criticare 2010.

S Purwar, KP Ravi, R Venkataraman, V Ramasubramanian, BK Abraham, N Ramakrishnan. Antibiotic
prescription patterns in an open tertiary critical care unit. Presented in Annual conference of Indian
Society of Critical Care Medicine, Criticare 2010.

M Chavda, R Venkataraman, BK Abraham, N Ramakrishnan. Acinetobacter infections in ICU:
Epidemiology, risk factors and sensitivity patterns. Presented in Annual conference of Indian Society of
Critical Care Medicine, Criticare 2010.

K. P. Ravi, P.K. Reddy, R.Venkataraman, V. Ramasubramaniam, B.K.Abraham, N. Ramakrishnan.
Sensitivity & Resistance: Does East meet West? Int Care Med 2009. 35 Suppl 1.S267:1039.

Ramakrishnan N, Bihari S, Senthilkumar R, Abraham BK. Is epidemiology of Catheter Related Blood
Stream Infections (CRBSI) in India different? ESICM Congress, Berlin, 2007.

Ramakrishnan N, Chavda M, Senthilkumar R, Abraham BK. Is Procalcitonin level a useful tool for early
diagnosis of bacterial sepsis? ESICM Congress, Berlin, 2007.

Ramakrishnan N, Bihari S. Quality of sleep in Information Technology (IT) professionals in India: Business
Processes outsourced (BPO) or Sleep processes outsourced? Sleep and Biological Rhythms 2007. 5: A 89:
PO305.

Ramakrishnan N, Bihari S. Quality of sleep in nurses working on rotating shifts in an Intensive Care Unit
(ICU). Sleep and Biological Rhythms 2007. 5; A 23: PO076.

Nikhilesh J, Nandeesh V, Ramprasad M, Annigeri RA, Subbarao B, Prakash KC, Abraham BK,
Ramakrishnan N. Outcome predictors in Acute Renal Failure cohorts on renal replacement therapy.
Souvenir, Criticare 2007. Pg 238.

Nikhilesh J, Joshi V, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. Outcomes in Sepsis: Does age really matter?
Souvenir, Criticare 2007. Pg 250 (Won the award for the best poster in the 13th Annual Congress of
Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine).

Akila J, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. MET the expectations of staff; What about patients? Presented in
XII Annual Conference of Indian Society of Critical Care Medcine, Criticare 2007.

J Nikhilesh, C Anita, BK Abraham, Ramakrishnan N. Intra-aortic balloon pump in cardiogenic shock;
Intensivist’s perspective. Ind Heart Journal 2006. 58; 494.

Nikhilesh J, Uma T, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. Recombinant factor VIIa (rfVIIa) in non- trauma
settings: Holy grail for bleeding in critical care unit (CCU)? Souvenir, Criticare Chennai 2006, A25; 21.

Nikhilesh J, Uma T, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. From Penicillin resistance to Meropenem resistance:
Where are we heading? Souvenir, Criticare Chennai 2006, A24; 20.

Raghavan M, Venkataraman R, Wahed A. Carter M, Elder M., Hergenroeder G, Powner D, Kellum J. Older
Age, Female Sex, and Increased IL-6, Decrease Organ Yield from Cadaveric Donors. Poster presentation
26th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (ISICEM) Brussels, Belgium
March 21-24, 2006. Crit Care 2006; 10 (Suppl 1): Abstract P-470.

Hoste E, Angus DC, Clermont G, Venkataraman R, Kersten A, Kellum JA. Patients with acute kidney
dysfunction at ICU admission have worse survival compared to patients with subsequent acute kidney
dysfunction. Crit Care Med 33 (12-suppl) Abstract 263-S, A73, 2005.

Raja JR, Abraham B, Ramakrishnan N. ICU SANS Frontiers: Role of telemedicine in critical care
environment in a developing country. Intensive Care Medicine 2005, 31 (Suppl 1): 802:S207.

L Ramanathan, Rajadurai, N Ramakrishnan, B K Abraham. Usefulness of an airway assessment score in
predicting difficult airway in critical care set up. Scientific Proceedings and Souvenir, Hillcon 2005, 21:
196.

N Ramakrishnan, BK Abraham, JR Raja. Medical Emergency Team: ICU Sans Frontiers. Presented at the
9th Congress of the WFSICCM, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 2005.

B Abraham, J Raja, N Ramakrishnan. Serum Cholesterol level: Is it a maker of sepsis? Critical Care 2005, 9
(Suppl 1): P151:S64.

B Abraham, M Mohan, J Raja, N Ramakrishnan. Activated protein C in sepsis: An Indian experience.
Critical Care 2005, 9(Suppl 1): P195:S83.

A.K. Mani and B.K. Awsare. The utility of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the evaluation and management of
pulmonary infiltrates after bone marrow transplantation. Philadelphia, PA. ATS 2005.

Raja JR, Prabhakar R, , Nagesh CN, Abraham BK, Raja JR, Jain N, Nachiappan R, Ramakrishnan N. Bedside
tracheostomy in ICU: A quality care initiative. Presented at 2nd annual Asia Pacific Center of Excellence
in Critical Care Meeting, July 2004. (Won award for best poster presentation).

Raja JR, Ramakrishnan N, Abraham BK. Hypocholesterolaemia as a marker of sepsis. Presented at 2nd
annual Asia Pacific Center of Excellence in Critical Care Meeting, July 2004.

Madhubashini M, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. A single center experience with Activated Protein C in
sepsis. Presented at 2nd annual Asia Pacific Center of Excellence in Critical Care Meeting, July 2004.

Nagesh CN, Raja JR, Abraham BK, Ramakrishnan N. Role of tracheal gas insufflation as an adjunctive
therapy in hypercapnoeic respiratory failure. Presented at 2nd annual Asia Pacific Center of Excellence in
Critical Care Meeting, July 2004.

Rashid A, Omar B, Venkataraman R, Rogers PL, Angus DC: Utility and Feasibility of Human Simulation
Training in Difficult Airway Management: A Pilot Study. (Presented at the 100th International
Conference of the American Thoracic Society, Orlando May 2004). Am J Resp Crit Care Med 2004, 169
(7): A51.

Madden NJ, DeMarsico AJ, Schocker LA, Venkataraman R, Kellum JA. On vs Off Pump CABG: Does
OPCABG Actually Yield Superior Short-Term Results? (Presented at the Society of Critical Care Medicine,
Phoenix, AZ January 15-20, 2005). Crit Care Med 2004; 32 (12-Suppl): Abstract 156, pp A40.

Moore J, Chavko R, Venkataraman R, Rogers P, Angus D. Effectiveness of using human for difficult airway
management training. (Presented at the Society of Critical Care Medicine, Phoenix, AZ. January 15-20,
2005). Crit Care Med 2004; 32 (12-Suppl): Abstract 247, pp A67.

Venkataraman R, Carter M, Elder M, Rahim M, Kellum J, The CRISMA Laboratory. Comparison of
Inflammatory Response During On-Pump and Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. (Presented at
the Society of Critical Care Medicine, Phoenix, AZ January 15-20, 2005). Crit Care Med 2004; 32 (12-
Suppl): Abstract 531. pp A148.

Etman YM, Venkataraman R, Carter M, Elder M, Kellum JA, The CRISMA Laboratory. Effect of Steroids on
the Inflammatory Response of Brain Dead Organ Donors. (Presented at the Society of Critical Care
Medicine, Phoenix, AZ January 15-20, 2005). Crit Care Med 2004; 32 (12-Suppl): Abstract 538, pp A15.

Hoste E, Clermont G, Kersten AM, Venkataraman R, Kaldas H, Angus DC, Kellum JA. Clinical evaluation of
the new RIFLE criteria for acute renal failure. Critical Care 2004; 8: 81.

Madhubashini M, Janardhanam A, Nagesh CN, Ramakrishnan N. Novel therapies in Sepsis:Does East
meet West? Indian J Crit Care Med. Sep 2003; 7:3.

Nagesh CN, Raja JR, Ramakrishnan N. Tracheal gas insufflation in respiratory failure: A breath of fresh
air? Indian J Crit Care Med. Sep 2003; 7: 3.

Raja JR, Ramakrishnan N. Is there life on MARS? Indian J Crit Care Med. Sep 2003;7:3.

  • Acharya KS, Ramakrishnan N. Are Intensivist led units safer? Safe Practices save Lives. Theme book published during 16th Annual Conference of Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine, 2009 pp 114.
  • Ashwin K. Mani and Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. Chapter on “Approach to sedation & pain management in ICU”. ICU Protocol Book. ISCCM .
  • Dr. Ramakrishnan. “Organ Donation: Myths & Facts”. A book written in Tamil published as a serial in popular tamil weekly & subsequently printed by MOHAN Foundation for public awareness.
  • Dr. Ramakrishnan. “Sleep – Problems and solutions”. A book written in Tamil Language for public education. Published by New Horizon Media Pvt Ltd, 2007.
  • Dr. Ramakrishnan. “ICU – What is happening inside?” A book written in Tamil language for public education. Published by New Horizon Media Pvt Ltd, 2006.

Nita George, Babu Abraham, Manu Prathap. Use of Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction in Pneumonia. In: Mishra RC, Myatra SN, Deepak Govil, Todi S, editors. Critical Care Update 2023, 5th edition. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd; 2023:pp100-103.

Meghena M, Dedeepiya Devaprasad, Ramesh V. Delayed versus Very Delayed Renal Replacement Therapy. In: Mishra RC, Myatra SN, Deepak Govil, Todi S, editors. Critical Care Update 2023, 5th edition. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd; 2023:pp297–299.

Meghena Mathew, Pratheema Ramachandran. Planning of Nutrition in a Critical Care unit. ISCCM Textbook Critical Care Medicine.2023 :883-887

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Babu K Abraham, Meghena Mathew .Acute Severe Asthma. Case Based Review in Critical Care Medicine. 2nd Edition: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd; 2023:60-69.

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Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. “Frailty in the ICU: Assessment,
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Devachandran Jayakumar, Pratheema Ramachandran, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. “Chronic Critical Illness:
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Kavita Kamineni, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan. “Intensivist and Multidisciplinary Team Building.”
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